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Aggregates Levy Update

The Aggregates Levy was introduced to encourage the use of recycled aggregates. Clay was exempt from the tax along with other industrial by-products.

Changes to the levy:
Legislation introduced in Finance Bill 2014 to amend the Act makes the following materials taxable:

  • material that consists wholly of the spoil from any process by which coal, lignite, slate or shale has been separated from other rock after being extracted or won with that other rock;
  • material consisting wholly of the spoil, waste or other by-products resulting from the extraction or other separation from any quantity of aggregate of any china clay or ball clay;
  • material that is wholly the spoil from the separation of any of the industrial minerals listed  in section 18(3) of the Act from other rock with which the mineral was extracted or won;
  • material that is wholly or mainly clay, coal, lignite, slate or shale;
  • other industrial minerals, namely; anhydrite; ball clay; barites; china clay; feldspar; fireclay; fluorspar; fuller's earth; gems and semi-precious stones; gypsum; any metal or the ore of any metal; muscovite; perlite; potash; pumice; rock phosphates; sodium chloride; talc and vermiculite; and
  • material that is mainly but not  wholly the spoil, waste or other by-product of any industrial  combustion process or the smelting or refining of metal.

The levy is only chargeable when taxable aggregate is commercially exploited.

New commercial exploitation provisions came into effect from 1 April 2014 for clay. Under those new provisions clay will only be commercially exploited where it is:

  • removed from site with the intention of using it for construction purposes,
  • subject to an agreement to supply it to someone who intends to use it for construction purposes,
  • used for construction purposes, or
  • mixed with anything other than water for the purpose of using it for construction purposes.

It is important to note that only one of the above needs to apply.

The term “construction purposes” is interpreted at section 48(2) of Finance Act 2001 and includes using the aggregate “as material or support in the construction or improvement of any structure”. Embankments are included within the definition of “structure” set out at section 48(1). It also includes mixing with anything as part of a process of producing mortar, concrete, tarmacadam, coated roadstone or any similar construction material.

Links to key HMRC Documents are:

Aggregates Levy>>>

Finance Act 2001>>>

Definition of Waste: Development Industry Code of Practice Training

The next CL:AIRE Definition of Waste Code of Practice (DoWCoP) one-day training course is on Thurs 12th June 2014 - Manchester. 

The DoWCoP provides a streamlined mechanism for exiting the complex world of Waste Legislation for the re-use of excavated materials. It can be used by individuals involved in development activities ranging from general earthworks to complex land remediation projects and is applicable to both Greenfield and Brownfield sites.

When successfully applied the DoWCoP can bring about significant cost savings to those who have formerly used waste management exemptions and is a quantifiable indicator of sustainable development!

This course explains in detail how the various scenarios for material reuse in the DoWCoP are dealt with, the operational boundaries and its interaction with other industry initiatives.
Upon completion of the course delegates will be confident to use, or work alongside the DoWCoP

The course is aimed at all organisations involved with the development of land and therefore particularly relevant to the following groups who expect to use or work with the DoWCoP:

  • Civil Engineering & Earthworks contractors
  • Haulage companies
  • Developers & House-builders
  • Landowners
  • On-site screening and sorting operators
  • Demolition Contractors
  • RegulatorsConsultants
  • Specialist Remediation companies
  • Fixed Soil Treatment Facility operators (including potential operators).

The course is also valuable to those who need to understand the applicability of the DoWCoP in drafting planning decisions, waste policy documents and how it fits within the Waste Hierarchy.

Attendance on a recognised training course remains one of the requirements for individuals wishing to register as a Qualified Person.

To book your place on this training course please click here>>>

In Situ Remediation '14 Conference Workshops Announced

CLAIRE is pleased to announce that two workshops will be held at the In Situ Remediation ´14 Conference on 4th September 2014.

Two half-day workshops have been organised and will run in parallel between 8.30 - 13.00. The workshops can be attended by those attending the conference and by external delegates. The workshop themes are:

  • “In Situ Remediation of Contaminated Sites” organised by Geosyntec Consultants
  • “Integrated Treatment” organised by Regenesis.

The registration fee is £89 for each workshop including materials, lunch and coffee break. Please register before June 30th 2014.

Workshop places are limited to 25 per workshop, so please book early to avoid disappointment.

Full details of the workshops can be found at the In Situ Remediation Conference website here>>>

CL:AIRE Networking Event - Presentation slides now available

On the 24th March, we ran our latest networking evening on the - "The Importance of Toxicology in Managing Contaminated Land” - Hosted by The Geological Society & Royal Society of Chemistry. Over 60 CL:AIRE Members, Society Fellows, QPs and Local Authority staff attended. Camilla Pease of ENVIRON gave the keynote address on the challenges of deriving soil guideline values. Presentation slides are now available, to download please click here>>>

This was followed by a drinks reception in the RSC. CL:AIRE thanks the event sponsors - RSK Group and ENVIRON, without who the event would not have been possible.

Category 4 Screening Level Reports Published along with Defra Companion Document

Defra recently published the final Category 4 Screening Level (C4SL) research project report with appendices.  The project reports are supported by a policy companion document which can all be downloaded here>>>


Abstract Extension for Sustainable Remediation 2014

The 3rd International Conference on Sustainable Remediation to be held on the 17-19th September 2014 in Ferrara, Italy has extended their abstract submission to 14th May 2014. For further information click here>>>


Environment Agency website move

The Environment Agency website has now moved to .GOV.UK. Their new web address is

Following the move, the Environment Agency are aware that some people will find it difficult to locate some documents. There is a search page here>>>

If this fails email the enquiries team at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

CL:AIRE April Membership Update

CL:AIRE is delighted to announce that Environment Agency has joined as new Corporate Members & Opus International as new Technical Members.

In addition, Bristol & Avon Transport & Recycling Ltd, Homes & Communities Agency (HCA) and National Grid Property Ltd have renewed their Corporate Membership and the following organisations have renewed their Technical Membership; Arup, Bone Environmental Consultant, Caerphilly County Borough Council, LBH WEMBLEY Geotechnical & Environmental, Listers Geotechnical Consultants Ltd, RPS, SEnSe Associates, The Sirius Group, Tamdown Group Ltd, trm, Wardell Armstrong.

New research shows link between brownfield land and poor health

People living near brownfield sites are significantly more likely to suffer from poor health than those living in areas with little or no brownfield land, according to new geographical research.
The findings by Durham University suggest that the regeneration of brownfield land should be considered as a policy priority for Local Authority public health teams.

The research – the first to examine the link between brownfield land and health in England – shows that brownfield sites could be a potentially important and previously overlooked environmental influence on health.

Brownfield land is previously used or derelict land that may have real or perceived contamination problems and that requires intervention to bring it back into productive use. The Homes and Communities Agency estimates that there is around 62,000 hectares of brownfield land in England alone.

Durham University researchers found that local communities with large amounts of brownfield land in England had poorer health outcomes, including limiting long term illness. Electoral wards with large areas of brownfield generally had worse health compared to those with no brownfield or only small amounts.

While the hazardous effects of brownfield land with contaminants are well known, researchers suggest that, regardless of contamination, brownfield could have wider negative impacts on the general health of communities. They say further research is needed to find out which health effects play the greatest role.

The research is published in the academic journal Environment and Planning A.

"Healthy land? An examination of the area-level association between brownfield land and morbidity and mortality in England", by Bambra et al,published in Environment and Planning A, 46(2) 433 – 454. Paper available online here>>>

SuRF-UK publishes the next phase of its work

SuRF-UK is delighted to announce the publication of its Phase 3 work which includes four key deliverables:


  •  SuRF-UK Bulletin 4 - This provides a short introduction to the Phase 3 outputs which are described in more detail below.  It includes the Sustainable Management Practices (SMP) document and the assessor's aid to preparing for sustainability assessment and carrying out a qualitative Tier 1 sustainability assessment. To download the summary bulletin click here>>>
  • Sustainable Management Practices (SMPs) -  This report and supporting excel spreadsheet is aligned to the SuRF-UK sustainability indicator categories so that the same sustainability principles can underpin all aspects of land contamination management.  
  • Project Framing Guidance - This aims to help project managers and sustainability assessors to frame their approach for a sustainability assessment.  It includes two groups of activities: the preparation for a sustainability assessment followed by the definition of the sustainability assessment The guidance is provided in a formatted PDF slide set and is supported by a log book which can be used to collect summary information for each step of the framing procedure;
  • Tier 1- Qualitative Assessment - This is an "entry level" sustainability assessment based on simple tables using qualitative categories.  It provides a slide deck procedure to follow with a series of checklists to help ensure that the framing is adequate for the sustainability assessment required. It is prepared as a formatted PDF slide set and is supported by a log book which can be used to collect summary information for each step.

To download any of the SuRF-UK Phase 3 deliverables, please visit where the roadmap has interactive hyperlinks to the relevant sections.  If you have any queries relating to SuRF-UK work, please contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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Corporate Members:

Technical Members:

A L P Ambrose Minerals
ALUN Griffiths (Contractors) Ltd




BAE Systems Properties Ltd
BAM Nuttall
Beech Consultants
Bone Environmental Consultant
British Solar Renewables
BT O'Sullivan Construction Solution Ltd
Caerphilly County Borough Council
Cavendish Nuclear
CH2M Hill
Constructing Excellence
Cranfield University
CRB Environmental Ltd
Crossfield Consulting Ltd
Darlow Lloyd & Sons Ltd
Deep Soil Mixing Ltd
Dunton Environmental
DWL Environmental Ltd
The Environmental Protection Group Ltd (EPG)
EnviroSurveying Ltd
Firth Consultants Ltd
Foot Anstey LLP
Geo2 Remediation Ltd
Geo-Environmental Services
Ground-Gas Solutions Ltd
Hazardous Waste Management
HBR Limited
H Fraser Consulting Ltd
The Hub
Hyder Consulting Ltd
Kalex Limited
LBH WEMBLEY Geotechnical & Environmental 
Listers Geotechnical Consultants Ltd
Lithos Consulting
McAuliffe Civil Engineering
MDK Environmental Ltd
Oracle Environmental Experts Ltd
Opus International Consultants Ltd
Parsons Brinckerhoff
Paulex Environmental 
Peroxychem Environmental Solutions
Peter Brett Associates
r3 environmental technology ltd
RAW Group
Residential & Civil Construction Alliance of Ontario (RCCAO)
Rodgers Leask
Rolton Group
Roundhay Environmental Consulting Limited
RSK Group
Rural Arisings
SEnSe Associates
Soilutions Ltd
Southern Testing
Stephenson Harwood
The Sirius Group
Tamdown Group Ltd
T & P Regeneration Ltd
Universite de Liege
University of Birmingham
University of Sheffield
University of York
URS Infrastructure & Environment
VHE Construction Plc
Wardell Armstrong
Ward Homes
Waterman Energy, Environment & Design Ltd
WSP Group

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